Glass And Metal Mosaic Tile Midnight Blend
by：Heng Xing 2020-09-01
The single most necessary piece of Byzantine Christian mosaic artwork within the East is the Madaba Map, made between 542 and 570 as the floor of the church of Saint George at Madaba, Jordan. The Madaba Map is the oldest surviving cartographic depiction of the Holy Land. It depicts an area from Lebanon within the north to the Nile Delta within the south, and from the Mediterranean Sea within the west to the Eastern Desert.
One of the earliest examples of Byzantine mosaic artwork within the area could be found on Mount Nebo, an necessary place of pilgrimage within the Byzantine era where Moses died. Among the numerous sixth-century mosaics in the church advanced (found after 1933) probably the most interesting one is situated in the baptistery. The intact flooring mosaic covers an area of 9 x 3 m and was laid down in 530. It depicts searching and pastoral scenes with rich Middle Eastern natural world.
The ornament of the church was finished only in the 16th century. One hundred and ten scenes of mosaics within the atrium of St Mark's had been primarily based immediately on the miniatures of the Cotton Genesis, a Byzantine manuscript that was brought to Venice after the sack of Constantinople . Well-recognized works of this era are the floral mosaics of the Basilica di San Clemente, the façade of Santa Maria in Trastevere and San Paolo fuori le Mura. The stunning apse mosaic of Santa Maria in Trastevere depicts Christ and Mary sitting next to each other on the heavenly throne, the primary example of this iconographic scheme. A similar mosaic, the Coronation of the Virgin, decorates the apse of Santa Maria Maggiore.
The whole inside of the St Mark's Basilica in Venice is clad with elaborate, golden mosaics. The oldest scenes had been executed by Greek masters in the late 11th century however the majority of the mosaics are works of local artists from the twelfth–13th centuries.
The largest and most detailed component of the topographic depiction is Jerusalem, at the center of the map. The map is enriched with many naturalistic options, like animals, fishing boats, bridges and palm trees. The Cathedral of Spoleto can be adorned on the upper façade with an enormous mosaic portraying the Blessing Christ (signed by one Solsternus from 1207). In elements of Italy, which have been under jap artistic influences, like Sicily and Venice, mosaic making by no means went out of trend in the Middle Ages.