Instructions Of Tiles
by：Heng Xing 2020-04-17
There are many different types of tiles which, the handyman can apply to floors, walls and ceilings. One of the oldest types is ceramic tile - these are baked clay and have been used generally in the bathroom for walls and floors. There are also plastic tiles which have been used mainly for walls and ceilings. Ceramic tiles, however, have moved out of the bathroom into other parts of the home. Contemporary homes often have kitchen counter work tops and sometimes even living room walls made of ceramic tile. These tiles can be applied with special waterproof adhesive to any suitable smooth surface. No longer is it necessary to apply wire lath and cement to set the tiles in place. Plastic tiles, which have gained in popularity since the end of World War II, are available in many different colors, sizes and patterns. There are basically two types of plastic tiles. The rigid ones are made of polystyrene; the flexible tiles are usually made of vinyl. Both are applied in somewhat the same manner, although some flexible tiles come already glued. All that is necessary is to moisten the adhesive backs of these self-adhesive tiles and they can then be applied to the wall or floor. Metal tiles of various kinds also are available. One of the most recent developments is an aluminum tile to which a ceramic coating is bonded at a temperature of from 900A� to 1000A� F. It can be cut easily and even bent if necessary. The tile is applied with mastic. Ceramic Tile Ceramic tile is one of the oldest building materials known to man. Its history dates back centuries ago when it was first discovered that clay baked at high temperatures turns into a hard, durable material which is both waterproof and fireproof. But tile is one of the most modern of materials, too. It is easy for the average handyman to install and will afford a lifetime of constant, rugged use without deterioration. Real tile - that is, tile made from baked ceramic materials - is a permanent installation. Its colors never fade. Because of its durability and the absence of any upkeep or remodeling, real tile constitutes a significant economy. Today, ceramic tile is available to the homemaker in an amazing variety of sizes, shapes, colors, and textures. With a good waterproof adhesive, tile can be readily installed on walls, floors, and countertops. Technically, there are two main divisions of tile: wall and floor tile. Wall tiles in popular use range from 17/4' square to 6'x9' rectangles. They come in either a high glaze or a matt glaze which is a somewhat softer-looking surface. Floor tiles go from 'dots' (11/32' squares) to 9' squares. Commonly used nominal sizes, though, are the 2' square, the 1' square, and the 1'x2' rectangle. Floor tiles are generally unglazed. Floor tiles can be broken down into three subdivisions: • Ceramic mosaics are less than six square inches in facial surface. • Pavers are those unglazed floor units measuring six square inches or more in facial surface. • Quarries are made to resist especially severe conditions of weather and wear. They have a strong, dense body which can withstand extremes in temperature.